5 CURIOSIDADES QUE (ACHO) VOCÊ NÃO SABIA SOBRE O MURO DAS LAMENTAÇÕES

O Muro das Lamentações é um dos locais mais visitados na Terra Santa. É um lugar sagrado para os judeus, mas também significativo para outras religiões. Muita gente ainda acha que o Muro das Lamentações é “a parede que restou do Templo de Jerusalém”. Não está certo!

O Templo foi totalmente destruído pelos romanos no ano 70. E o que hoje chamamos de Muro das Lamentações é parte da esplanada ao redor do Templo, que foi construída pelo rei Herodes cerca de 20 anos antes do nascimento de Jesus, para embelezar o santuário.

Confira abaixo outras informações pouco conhecidas sobre o Muro das Lamentações:

OS JUDEUS NÃO USAM O TERMO “MURO DAS LAMENTAÇÕES”

O termo “Muro das Lamentações” surgiu na Idade Média. Naquela época, os judeus estavam sem um país próprio e eram impiedosamente perseguidos na Europa. Os peregrinos cristãos visitavam este local e admiravam-se ao ver os judeus “se lamentando” neste lugar. Mas, na realidade, estavam se comunicando com Deus, chorosos, pedindo que mudasse sua sorte.

Os judeus chamam este lugar simplesmente de Muro ou de Muro Ocidental, por estar virado para o oeste. Mas sabe como é, quando um apelido “cola”, é difícil resistir. Por isso, nenhum judeu ficará ofendido com o uso do termo “Muro das Lamentações”.

Bilhetes deixados nas frestas do Muro das Lamenta

O MURO É LUGAR DE ORAÇÃO TAMBÉM PARA CRISTÃOS

Sem dúvida! Mesmo o mais ortodoxo dos judeus que faz suas orações no Muro das Lamentações reconhece como legítimas as orações de outras religiões neste lugar. Isto está baseado no Livro de Crônicas da Bíblia, que registra a inauguração do Templo de Jerusalém por Salomão, há quase 3 mil anos.

O rei bíblico proclamou: “Também ao estrangeiro que não for do seu povo de Israel, porém vier de terras remotas, por amor de Teu grande nome … e orar voltado para esta casa, ouve Tu dos Céus… e faze o que o estrangeiro pedir, a fim de que todos os povos da Terra conheçam o Teu nome” (2Cr 6:32 e 33).

Por isso, mesmo o Papa João Paulo II e o Papa Francisco fizeram suas orações e deixaram seus bilhetes nas frestas destas pedras milenares.

COMO AINDA EXISTE LUGAR PARA COLOCAR BILHETINHOS

Duas vezes por ano – na Páscoa e no Ano Novo – a prefeitura de Jerusalém recolhe todos os bilhetinhos colocados nas frestas das pedras milenares do Muro das Lamentações. A esta altura, estes papeizinhos ficaram santificados, portanto nada é jogado fora, nem pode ser incinerado, pelas regras do judaísmo.

Então todas estas mensagens são levadas ao cemitério judaico do Monte das Oliveiras, o mais antigo da cidade santa ainda em atividade. Ali, os papeizinhos são colocados numa enorme vala e enterrados, com o mesmo cuidado que se dá a um corpo humano. E, assim, as frestas do Muro das Lamentações ficam com novo espaço para outras milhares de mensagens.

Muro das Lamentações e a Cúpula Dourada.

A SANTIDADE DO MURO DAS LAMENTAÇÕES É RECENTE

O Muro das Lamentações tem destaque em Jerusalém já há longos séculos, mas só mais recentemente é que se tornou o lugar de devoção conhecido nos dias atuais. A santidade como a conhecemos tem cerca de 400 anos. Antes disto, os judeus oravam em outros locais da cidade santa, como por exemplo, no mirante do Monte das Oliveiras.

A santidade do Muro das Lamentações é explicada por ser o local mais próximo que os judeus podem orar onde estava localizado o Templo de Jerusalém. Hoje, no local do Templo, está a Cúpula Dourada dos muçulmanos e, apesar de haver acesso aos arredores deste monumento de ouro, apenas os islâmicos têm autorização de fazer orações nesta área. 

A MAIOR PARTE DO MURO É INVISÍVEL

O Muro das Lamentações é uma pequena parte da esplanada construída pelo rei Herodes para cercar e embelezar o Templo da era bíblica. Com o passar dos séculos, as residências taparam boa parte desta esplanada, mas o Muro das Lamentações permaneceu visível. Mas mesmo o Muro é apenas uma parte do original. Pelo menos metade de sua extensão está abaixo do piso onde caminham os visitantes. É que a cidade foi totalmente destruída pelos romanos no ano 70 e, como não havia tratores para limpar os destroços, tudo foi coberto por terra e construído por cima.

10.275 thoughts on “5 CURIOSIDADES QUE (ACHO) VOCÊ NÃO SABIA SOBRE O MURO DAS LAMENTAÇÕES

  1. Bom, eu professo a religião cristã católica.
    Achei esta uma “real história”, uma sensação, é formidável. Ao mesmo gostaria de visitar este local e deixar o meu pedido em papelzinho para Deus.
    Não como o fazer visto encontro mem África, Mozambique, Inhambane, Massinga.

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